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Palace Kitchens
Palace Kitchens

The immense palace kitchens are unique among all the palaces of St. Petersburg. They are built in a large half circles with a porte cochere as the only entrance with a lovely courtyard in the center. For sanitary reasons palace kitchens were usually detached from Russian palaces.

The walls of the palace kitchens do not have outside windows, they are replaced with niches ornamented with sculpture and decorative vases. Two Doric porticoes with six columns and friezes are among the best of Rossi's many creations and were widely admired and copied.

For the installation of the interior kitchen facilities, two consultants were employed by Rossi, M. Riquetti, Imperial Maitre d'hotel of the Court, and M. Belardelli, Imperial Confectioner. Later, two others came on, the "Cafe-schenk" (Master of the Coffeehouse) and the "Mundschenk", two important persons, who also gave their advice, each for his own specialty. This building was expensive to build and outfit, ending up with a cost of 237,771 rubles.

Les cuisines représentent un édifice absolument original. C'est un grand hémicycle avec, comme seule entrée, une porte cochère et une belle cour au milieu. Les murs n'ont pas de fenêtres extérieurs, elles sont remplacées par des niches ornées de sculptures et de beaux vases décoratifs. Deux portiques à six colonnes avec des frontons d'une allures trés grandiose et de belles proportions témoignent une fois de plus du goût et du savoir de Rossi.

Pour l'installation intérieure, deux conseillers lui furent adjoints: M. Riquetti maitre d'hôtel de la cour et M. Belardelli, confiseur, qui lui donnaient leurs avis et conseils pour l'aménagement des cuisines et laboratoires. Plus tard deux autres furent adjoints encore, le cafeschenk, maitre cafetier, et le mundschenk, deux personnages importants, qui donnaient aussi leurs indications chaqu'un dans sa partie.

Cet édifice couta assez cher. Dans les devis préliminaires, nous trouvons la somme de 237.771 rbls.

Il a fallu cette fois joindre à l'art de la construction... l'art du bien manger...

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